TYPE 2 diabetes symptoms can consist of increased thirst, increased hunger and frequent urination. Treatment for sufferers involves changes to their diet and lifestyle, as well as medication. Taking up this exercise can help cut blood sugar levels.
- Type 2 diabetes symptoms include increased thirst, blurred vision and headaches
- Type 1 diabetes has similar symptoms but appears at birth, unlike type 2 diabetes which develops during your life
- Diet and lifestyle changes are recommended by the NHS for sufferers
- Everyday Health says you should take up swimming to combat your type 2 diabetes, which could be cured, according to scientists at Newcastle University
Type 2 diabetes happens when the body is no longer able to absorb enough blood sugar from the body.
Sufferers may first notice the condition when they develop symptoms such as increased thirst, unexplained weight loss and fatigue.
Treatment involves making changes to the sufferers diet and lifestyle, as some of the main risk factors for developing the condition include an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise.
Making these changes helps get blood sugar under control and could even ‘cure’ the condition, according to researchers at Newcastle University.
Taking up swimming will help combat the condition, says Everyday Health.
Swimming is ideal for sufferers as it is an aerobic exercise and does not put pressure on your joints.
“Swimming is easier on your feet than other forms of exercise, such as walking or jogging,” adds Everyday Health.
“Very often diabetes reduces blood flow to the small blood vessels of your extremities, and you can lose sensation in your feet as a result.
“People with diabetes must avoid foot injuries, even minor cuts or blisters, because they can be slow to heal and are prone to infection.”
Diabetes UK suggests that you should start any new exercise gently, working up to 30 minutes a day of moderate intensity, five days a week.
It adds that this doesn’t have to be all in one go.
You can start swimming by joining your local fitness club to go with a team, or to swim individually.
As well as swimming, Everyday Health also suggests trying walking, yoga and stationary cycling to combat the condition.
In particular, balance training is recommended as it will help you avoid falls.
“I fully recommend that anyone over 40 with diabetes include balance training as part of their weekly routine, at least two to three days per week,” Dr Colbert-Ochs told Everyday Health, founder of Diabetes Motion Academy in Santa Barbara, California.
“It can be as simple as practicing balancing on one leg at a time, or more complex – like tai chi exercises.”
Previous studies have suggested that changing your diet and starting to do regular exercise can reverse type 2 diabetes.
“It is certainly possible to wake up the insulin producing cells of the pancreas by losing a substantial amount of weight,” said Professor Roy Taylor from Newcastle University, who says it is possible to reverse the condition.
“This happens because the fat content in the pancreas decreases.
Previous studies have shown that fat stops insulin release. The insulin producing cells recover their special function, and this continues providing fat is not allowed to accumulate.”
A 47-year-old man found that by taking up running regularly, his type 2 diabetes came under control